Wednesday, March 03, 2010

Gharana tradition : Jaipur

The Jaipur Gharana (also known as the Jaipur-Atrauli Gharana) is a Khayal based Gharana, founded by Ustad Alladiya Khan (1855-1946) in the late 19th century. An offshoot of the Agra Gharana, the Jaipur Gharana acquired its name and status as a Gharana in the early half of the 20th century as a result of the growing popularity of stalwarts of this Gharana like Kesarbai Kerkar, Mogubai Kurdikar, Mallikarjun Mansur and Kishori Amonkar.

The Gharana is unique in that it was the first Gharana to be founded in Khayal Gayaki, whereas other major Gharanas were initially founded as Dhrupad-Dhamar Gayakis and eventually evolved into the Khayal Gayaki. The founder of this Gharana, Ustad Alladiya Khan initially developed the unique Gayaki of this Gharana following the partial loss of his voice which prompted him to develop an adjusted singing style to accommodate this handicap. As a result of his exploration, he raised the level of musical and vocal artistry to such heights that he was acclaimed as the 'High Priest of Khayal Gayaki'.

Mallikarjun Mansur - Deshkar - Hu To Tore Karan Jagi :  Download

Kishori Amonkar - Bhairavi - Koyaliya Na Bolo Dar :  Download

Ulhas Kashalkar - Lalit Pancham - Udat Boondan :  Download

Shruti Sadolikar - Bhairavi - Bajuband Khul Khul Jai :  Download

Renowned names of Jaipur Gharana include Jitendra Abhisheki, Padmavati Shaligram, Manik Bhide, Ashwini Bhide Deshpande, Manjiri Asanare and many more, besides the artists mentioned at the beginning of this post. As is usual with most Gharanas, the list is long.

.. more songs of other Gharanas »


Keshav Kulkarni said...

Thanks for the woderful article. Thanks for gharana series. Please continue...

Learner and Learning. said...

Two great singers: Mogubai Kurdikar and Kesarbai Kerkar belonged to Jaipur Gharana and were trained by Alladiyan Khansaheb.

Mallikarjun's son Rajshekhar is alsoa a jaipur Gharana vocalist.

Late Pandit Gajananbuwa Joshi the son of Pandit Anant Manoher Joshi was also a vocalist of jaipur Gharana in addition to Gwalior and Agra. He was trained by Ustad Bhurji Khansaheb son of Allidiya Khansaheb.

Anonymous said...

Mallikarjun Mansur's voice is just beautiful. His taan's cut through your heart.

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